Ghanaian diplomat, who served as seventh secretary general of United Nations between 1997 and 2006, dies aged 80
The Ghanaian changed into the seventh secretary wellknown and served for two terms among 1997 and 2006. He changed into presented the Nobel peace prize for his humanitarian work jointly with the UN as an employer in 2001.
He died in health center in Bern, Switzerland within the early hours of Saturday with his spouse, Nane, and three youngsters Ama, Kojo and Nina, through his facet. He had retired to Geneva and later lived in a Swiss village.
Annan’s foundation issued a declaration on his Twitter account on Saturday that described him as a “international statesman and deeply devoted internationalist who fought in the course of his life for a fairer and greater non violent international”.
The announcement delivered that Annan, who succeeded Boutros Boutros-Ghali as UN leader, changed into a “son of Ghana and felt a unique duty closer to Africa”.
The modern-day UN secretary standard, António Guterres, whom Annan had appointed to steer its refugee company, stated: “in lots of approaches, Kofi Annan turned into the United international locations. He rose via the ranks to guide the agency into the new millennium with matchless dignity and backbone.”
The former united kingdom prime minister Tony Blair said on Twitter he changed into taken aback and distressed via Annan’s death, adding: “He changed into a good pal whom I noticed most effective weeks ago. Kofi Annan turned into a amazing diplomat, a real statesman and a excellent colleague who became widely reputable and could be substantially ignored. My inner most sympathy visit Nane and his own family.”
Theresa may additionally, the UK prime minister, said on Twitter:
Annan turned into chair of The Elders, an impartial group of world leaders operating for peace and human rights founded via Nelson Mandela. Gro Harlem Brundtland, former prime minister of Norway and the frame’s deputy chair, said she and her colleagues have been devastated with the aid of Annan’s death.
“Kofi became a strong and galvanizing presence to us all, and The Elders might not be wherein it is today without his leadership. For the duration of his lifestyles, Kofi labored unceasingly to improve the lives of hundreds of thousands of people round the sector,” she stated.
Born in Kumasi, Ghana, on 8 April 1938, Annan joined the UN system in 1962 as an administrative officer with the world health employer in Geneva. Annan later served with the financial fee for Africa in Addis Ababa, the UN Emergency force in Ismailia, the UN excessive commissioner for refugees in Geneva and in numerous senior posts at its headquarters in new york.
Earlier than turning into secretary popular, he became below-secretary preferred for peacekeeping and additionally served as unique consultant of the secretary fashionable to the previous Yugoslavia between 1995 and 1996.
As head of UN peacekeeping operations, Annan turned into criticised for the frame’s failure to halt the genocide in Rwanda within the Nineties.
“The UN can be stepped forward, it isn’t ideal however if it didn’t exist you will ought to create it,” he advised the BBC for the duration of an interview for his eightieth birthday in April. “i’m a cussed optimist, i was born an optimist and will stay an optimist.”
Annan used his final speech as secretary widespread in December 2006 to supply a parting shot on the administration of George W Bush, accusing the united states of committing human rights abuses in the name of fighting terror.
The father or mother concluded at the time that the speech amounted to a wide condemnation of the neoconservative ideology guiding US overseas policy beneath Bush and was a clear damage with protocol for a departing UN leader.
It was every other sign of Annan’s anger at the management for the reason that US forces invaded Iraq in March 2003 with out the approval of the UN safety council.
“when electricity, in particular army pressure, is used, the arena will keep in mind it valid simplest while convinced that it’s miles getting used for the proper cause – for extensively shared aims in accordance with broadly commonplace norms,” he said in the speech brought at the Harry Truman presidential library in Independence, Missouri.